Trel B

Wednesday, January 30, 2008

notes for possible proposal

Hi everyone! Please take note of the guidelines for project proposal. Slowly fill in the blanks using whatever data that you already have. I have also included a sample format of proj proposal from the ADB as well as a sample proj proposals submitted to one German funder and another one to UNDP.
Please study them and have your questions ready on Saturday. You have the afternoon tomorrow. Please use some time to start working on your proposal.
Regards everyone.

Trel b
(adopted from SEARSOLIN’S DAP)

Title of Project: ______________________________________________________________
Proponent/s:___________________________________ Community:________________________

1. description of location (include map)
2. basic information about the community (village) with reference to the barangay
and the municipality (when applicable) – area, population, economic condition
including occupation/source of income,


1. description of the target participants/beneficiaries
2. description and analysis of the situation of the target
participants/communities (problems and resources as well)
3. include tables, illustrations and other quoted information and ideas properly
footnoted and cited with references
4. prioritize the issues/concerns to be addressed in the proposal
-should be feasible, reasonable, realistic for a one-year program


1. Rationale – why this project?
2. Background – describe how this idea/proposal came about
3. Objectives – what does the project intend to do; should appropriately relate
to the prioritized issues mentioned in part 1

a. Main components or Dimension (or Program)
b. Plan of Activities – sequence of various phases or activities of work (could
be done through a Ghantt chart); structure including specific roles and
responsibilities; linkages
c. Resources and Budget



I. General Information

Title of the project:
Name and full contact address of proponent organization:
Name and full contact address (including telephone, fax and email) of contact

II. Proponent Profile
Describe briefly proponent organization profile in terms legal registration,
mandate/mission and major programmes.

III. Brief Project Description
Describe the objective(s) of the project. Summarize specific problems that
will be addressed directly by this project. Is the problem regional in nature?
Can the problem and its causes be effectively and appropriately addressed at the
regional level?

How will the project address the BIMP-EAGA Roadmap to Development 2006-2010 and
its accompanying BIMP-EAGA Action Plan 2006-2010? Specify which measure
(s)/program (s) of the Roadmap and/or Action Plan that the project is aiming to

IV. Activities, Output and Impact
Describe briefly the project’s major component activities, its expected outputs
and its intended impact on beneficiaries.

V. Project Duration

VI. Proposed Funding Source

VII. Project Budget
Description Total Allocation (US$) % Share of total allocation
1. Professional Fees
2. Meetings/workshops/trainings
3. Equipment, stationary
4. Reports
5. Travel
6. Per diem
7. Communication
8. Others (please specify)


I. PROJECT TITLE: Asset-based and culture-sensitive approach to poverty reduction
and peace-building in conflict affected indigenous communities: a pilot project
for the Umayamnons in Calacapan, Cabanglasan, Bukidnon

II.PROPONENT Xavier Science Foundation
Xavier University, Corrales corner Hayes Sts.
Cagayan de Oro City
Telephone/Fax: 088-8583116, local 3100
Contact Person: Roel Ravanera
Executive Director; email:
(The XSF is accredited by the National Commission for Indigenous Peoples (NCIP)
as a service institution for indigenous peoples and cultures.)

DURATION 12 months
BENEFICIARIES The target group is a mountain village called Calacapan, which
is Purok 11 of Barangay Cananga-an, one of the fifteen barangays of Cabanglasan, a 4th class municipality in the province of Bukidnon . Calacapan per se is in the boundary of Bukidnon and Agusan. It was a forested area until the logging operation of TH Valderrama left the forest denuded. This mountain tribe is home to the Umayamnon.

The National Commission of Culture and Arts (NCAA) listed the Umayamnons as one of the seven major tribes of Bukidnon, although other ethnographers differ and list them as an ethnic group culturally related to and neighboring the Banuwaen-s and Bukidnon-s but with many features of Manobo culture , closer to the tribes of Agusan. They consist of some 15 villages located in the border of Agusan and Bukidnon provinces in the municipality of Cabanglasan, Bukidnon.

In Calacapan, there are 32 households with around seven members per household; this includes 29 children who are enrolled in a literacy program to prepare them for formal education. The Umayamnons are among the poorer and less developed among the Cultural Communities of Bukidnon because of two major factors: the destruction of their natural environment due to commercial logging operations, and the conflicts between the government and the New People’s Army; and the tribal wars that arise every now and then.

They are food gatherers, very dependent on the forest for their survival, and when the logging operations destroyed their forests, they are slowly learning the skills in planting and domesticating animals. But today, like the other villages, the people are still victims of hunger and malnutrition, illiteracy, and neglect from government service providers.

The main support is provided by the Jesuit missionaries through the Fr. Leoni Mission Foundation.

The indirect project beneficiaries are all the Umayamnon villages upon replication of this pilot project.

V. RATIONALE There is no line that separates poverty and conflict when talking about the indigenous peoples in Mindanao, especially among the Umayamnons. Both phenomena are manifested in the same prolonged hunger of the people, the high rate of illiteracy and innumeracy, the constant dislocation and displacement due to armed conflicts and the sharp decline of their cultural identity as the young generation seek livelihood in the towns and urban centers.

It has become a vicious cycle: deforestation caused these food gatherers towards extreme hunger and poverty which push some indigenous people to join rebel groups that promise freedom from oppression, yet the resulting conflicts destabilize the mountain villages, dislocate several tribes and thus increasing the poverty incidents.

But the Umayamnons, while known to be strong warriors have two innate culture-based gifts: they are natural protectors and guardians of the forests and the environment; and they have a tradition of peace settlements deeply rooted in their cultural identity.

While these natural assets may have been suppressed due to years of dependence on commercial logging operations, and to the conflicts, the trailblazing efforts of the Jesuit missionaries in organizing and assisting them, awaken their desire to go back to the land and conserve their environment through sustainable agriculture, and to reclaim their cultural identity as peace-loving people. The land and the people are now ready for a development approach that is asset-based and culture-sensitive, geared towards food security, health, education and building a culture of peace.

This is what this project is all about.

General Objectives

As a pilot program, this project aims to provide human, technical and financial resources to aid the Umayamnons of Calacapan in empowering and transforming themselves into a sustainable farming community which promotes and protects their mountain ecosystem, and nurtures and enhances a culture of life and peace.

Within one year, the project shall have been able to:
1. organize the 32 households into a functional farming community with two main long term projects: a five-hectare communal farm and allotment garden that promotes and showcases sustainable agriculture and serves as food source for the villagers; and a ten-hectare reforestation program aimed at restoring their natural habitat and ecosystem, using a food-for-work strategy that provides domesticated animals in exchange of number of trees planted and nurtured, with monetary equivalent of P25.00 per tree

2. mobilize the community to create a “school of living traditions”
where learning is towards cultural identity; functional literacy and
numeracy, health and nutrition; and the formation of a culture of
life and peace

VII. PROJECT DESCRIPTION Based on the specific objectives, the project shall have two major components:

1. Asset-based Community Organizing Towards Sustainable Farming and Environmental Rehabilitation

This component is aimed at transforming the Umayamnons from a
scattered community into a functional organization with abilities to
lead, and to harness the community assets into the creation of a
sustainable, communal farm, and a reforestation project.


a. Organizing component

Main Activities:
i. social preparation – a series of at least five dialogues with the
community to lay the foundation of a functional organization
ii. organizing stage – includes three major activities: choosing of the council
of leaders; planning of projects and a covenanting ritual
iii.mobilizing stage – where the organization uses its human and other assets
towards pre-identified projects
iv. monthly mentoring and coaching where the implementers dialogue with the
organization to learn from the activities

b. Communal Farming

This component creates a five-hectare communal farm, with
specific areas allotted for each household. All inputs such as
seedlings, organic fertilizer will be provided by the project. The
sweat equity will be provided by the villagers and student
volunteers. The harvest will be shared, ¾ goes to the household,
while the ¼ goes to the communal food supply for the feeding
program of the children.

The project also provides: a communal nursery, a communal dryer,
two communal owned carabao for the land preparation, and two
horses for farm to market transportation.

Main component:

a. farm designing – where the trained tribal youth will sit down with
technicians and formulate a design for the communal farm that uses the
principles and practices of sustainable agriculture, based on soil and
environment analysis and the nutritional needs of the villages especially the

b. implementation – where the community gathers its forces in land
preparation, planting, and maintaining the farm, as well as enjoy the fruits
of it harvest of their allotted garden

c. regular monitoring – where field technicians assists in problem solving of
any issues and concerns that may arise

d. Reforestation Project
This component aims to rehabilitate at least ten hectares of land denuded by
the commercial logging operations. It shall be a combination of fruit-bearing
trees and timber. The main strategy will be food for work in which the
villagers will get farm animals for corresponding number of trees planted and
taken care of, each tree valued at P25.00. The animals range from chicken,
pigs, goats, sheep, horses and carabao for those who can plant 1,000 trees.

Main component:

a. learning dialogues – where the technicians engage with the community
regarding environmental concerns and issues

b. planning for reforestation – where the details of the reforestation project
will be crafted

c. implementation – where the community gathers its resources to initiate and
maintain the reforestation project

d. regular monitoring – where field technicians assist in problem solving of
any issues and concerns that may arise

Three main expected outputs in this component

a. a functional organization with able tribal leaders

b. a functional and productive communal farm that addresses food security and
nutrition, with a monetary equivalent of P1,500.00 increase in monthly income
for each tribal family

c. at least ten hectares of reforestation project with fruit-bearing trees and
lumber woods, in which the corresponding food for work strategy provides at
least five different kinds of farm animals per household

2. School of Living Traditions

This component is aimed at reclaiming the richness of the tribal culture through an alternative school that promotes functional literacy and numeracy, health, and the rediscovery of a culture of life and peace.
Included in this project is: mothers’ class, feeding program for the children, functional literacy and numeracy classes, cultural identity sessions, and health and sanitation interventions: medical mission for vaccinations, and construction of five communal toilets.

Main sub-components:
a. Social preparation – a series of dialogue of life with the community to lay
the foundation for the school of living tradition

b. Creation of school of living tradition with a structure, a program of
learning and an organizing and implementing body

c. Pilot run of the school of living traditions for one year: with five main
subject areas: The Identity of Umayamnons: their symbols, myths and rituals;
Literacy and Numeracy for children and adults; Mothers’ Class for Health and
Nutrition; Peace-Building Classes and Environmental Education and Life-skills.

d. Evaluation and documentation – a periodic and annual evaluation and
documentation will be done to monitor this pilot program.

Main expected Outputs:

a. creation of the school of living tradition, with five learning programs

b. rediscovery of the richness of tribal identity

c. nurturance of a culture of peace as expressed through tribal symbols, myths
and rituals

d. construction of five communal toilets

e. improved health through health education and medical missions

f. improved nutrition through the feeding program

g. improved literacy and numeracy for children and adults

h. gradual empowerment of women through the mother’s class program

VIII. ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT Project Management: A tripartite project
management team shall be created with representatives from Xavier Science
Foundation, as the project holder; the Fr. Leoni Mission Foundation of the
Jesuit mission as mission partner, and the elders of the Calacapan community.

The team is responsible for the overall supervision of the project, including
approval of programs and budget, crafting of policies and monitoring of
project progress.

The team meets once every two months.

Project Implementors;
A. Project Coordinator
Status: fulltime
Main Responsibility:
Oversees the implementation of the project components
Acts as adviser and team leader to two program officers
Serves as the main liaison of the project with the tribal elders
Coordinates the efficient monitoring and documentation of all activities
Reports to the management team
Qualification: at least five years in development work with background in
indigenous peoples; a college degree in a related field and not more than 40
years old

B. Program Officers (2)
Status: fulltime
Oversees the smooth implementation of each major component
Serves as the expert for each component
Reports to the Project Coordinator for guidance and direction

Cooperators and Partners:
1. Fr. Leoni Mission Foundation for administrative and financial management
of the program

2. Philippine Association of Agriculturists and Department of Agricultural
Sciences for technical assistance in the reforestation project

3. Sustainable Agriculture Center for the communal farm

4. Food Technology Center for food processing

5. Department of Health for the health education and medical assistance

6. Research Institute for Mindanao Culture for the school of living traditions

IX. PROJECT IMPACT AND MONITORING The smooth implementation of this project forecasts ten major project impact:
a. 100% elimination of hunger incidents since the farm will address
issues of food security (staple; fruit)
b. improvement in nutritional status of children as food will be balanced
and well prepared through the mother’s class
c. at least 60% of the village has functional literacy and numeracy,
eliminating ignorance as root of conflict
d. reclaiming of pride in their indigenous cultures and traditions (as
expressed through tribal symbols, myths, rituals, songs, dances,
e. food security eliminates hunger as a cause for conflict and tribal
f. improvement of tribal leadership and organization
g. acquiring of dialogical and negotiating skills for peace building
eliminates the practice of revenge among tribes and clans
h. ten-hectare reforestation projects initiates an environmental
rehabilitation effort and an added value of farm animals for the
i. documentation of the projects allow other tribes to learn from the
j. peace initiatives can be presented as model for other conflict areas
with indigenous peoples

X. SUSTAINABILITY MEASURES Two major mechanisms are already in place that will guarantee the sustainability of the project after the funding assistance:
a. The Jesuit mission in Calacapan and the Fr. Leoni Memorial Foundation have been involved in the life of the Umayamnons and can guarantee to sustain the project activities after the funding assistance.
b. The Xavier University College of Agriculture has an internal commitment to participate in the rural missionary work of the Jesuits, thus is committed to provide human and technical assistance to the project.

XI. BUDGETARY REQUIREMENTS See Annex A (Note: pls disregard the budget portion as it is difficult to follow the tables - we will discuss this in class)

Key Activities Expected (col 1) Outcome and Impact (col 2) Responsible Person (col 3) Schedule (col 4) Sources of Funds (col 5) Counter-part from Others (col 6) Proponent Counterpart (col 7) GTZ (col 8) Total (col 9)

1.Management and Administrative
a. organizing the project management team A functional team will be organized to manage the project Roel Ravanera
(XSF Exec Dir) November, 2007, first meeting 3,000 3,000
b. hiring and maintaining the three project implementors Qualified and committed personnel will sign a contract and stay through the project duration, with salaries at P13,000 per month for the project coordinator and Php10,000 for the program officers
Project Management Team (PMT) November, 2007 129,000 300,000 429,000
c. bi-monthly meeting of project management team Regular monitoring and assessment of project progress PMT and project implementors Once every two months, five meetings in all, with a budget of 5,000 per meeting to cover cost of ransport-ation and meals 25,000 25,000
Subtotal for Management and Administrative Expenses
132,000 325,000 457,000

Key Activities
Expected Outcome and Impact
Respon-sible Person
Sources of Funds
Counter-part from Others Propo-nent Counterpart GTZ Total
2. Component 1
Community Organizing A functional organizational will be put up with leaders and plan of actions Project Coordinator Throughout the project duration
Monthly meetings and community dialogue Project Coordinator Once a month 12,000 12,000
Purchase of digicam Video documentation of the meetings and other activities Program Officers Every meeting and communal activity 40,000 40,000
Creation of Communal Farm A communal farm/allotment garden promoting sustainable agriculture will be established as source of food and cash for the villagers
Allotment of five hectare land Community Organzn December, 2007 25,000 25,000
Soil analysis POs December, 2008 5,000 5,000
Purchase of two Carabao for land preparation Project Coordinator December, 2007 40,000 40,000
Construction of nursery PO/
volunteer partner January, 2008 15,000 15,000
Preparation of seedlings PO/
volunteer partners February - March 20,000 20,000
Planting and maintenance of the farm community Whole year 50,000 50,000
Production of organic fertilizers Community/
Sustainable Agric. Center Whole year 25,000. 25,000
Construction of solar dryer PO February, 2008 50,000 50,000
Purchase of two horses PO December, 2007 20,000 20,000

Key Activities
Expected Outcome and Impact
Responsible Person
Sources of Funds

Counter-part from Others Propo-nent Counterpart GTZ Total
Visits of technicians PO/PMT Six times throughout the year 20,000 80,000 120,000
Reforestation project A ten hectare forest rehabilitation shall be initiated, using a farm animal for work approach, each tree is equal to P25, to be given as different kind of farm animals for food and work
a. identification of reforestation area PO December, 2007 10,000 10,000
b. seedling preparation in the nursery PO/ volunteer January, 2008 50,000 50,000
c. seedling distribution and environmental education PO March, 2008 15,000 15,000
d. planting phase with forest management system PO/ technicians Throughout the project duration and after 25,000 25,000
e. farm animal in exchange of number of trees planted PO 100,000 400,000 500,000
SUBTOTAL FOR COMPONENT ONE 115,000 120,000 715,000 970,000

Key Activities Expected Outcome and Impact Responsible Person Schedule Sources of Funds

Counter-part from Others Propo-nent Counterpart GTZ Total
SCHOOL OF LIVING TRADITIONS A school of living tradition will be constructed as a learning center with modules on mothers’ class, functional literacy and numeracy, health and nutrition, feeding program, and cultural identity for culture of life and peace
a. series of dialogues of life POs Five times depending on the rhythm of life of the villages, starting November, 2007 5,000 5,000
b. school construction POs July, 2008 300,000 300,000
c. literacy class PO/ partners Daily 75,000 75,000
d. peace building sessions PO/res. persons Weekly 100,000 100,000
e. mothers’ class for health and nutrition PO/res. persons Monthly 50,000 100,000
f. feeding program PO Daily 120,000 120,000 120,000
g. construction of communal toilets PO January, 2008 70,000 70,000
h. rituals for every movement of the project Every time there is a movement in the project, such as planting, distribution of animals, etc 50,000
Key Activities Expected Outcome and Impact Responsible Person Schedule Sources of Funds

Counter-part from Others Propo-nent Counterpart GTZ Total
SUBTOTAL FOR COMPONENT 2 495,000 125,000 270,000 990,000
Overhead cost 190,000 190,000
GRAND TOTAL 610,000 377,000 1,500,000 2,487,000

PERCENTAGE 24.5% 15% 60.5% 100%

Fr. Leoni Mission Foundation 75,000
Sweat Equity and Land Value from the Beneficiary 188,000
Join Together Society 150,000
Aggie Alumni 12,000
Philippine Association of Agriculturists, alumni 65,000
Assissi Foundation 120,000

Panibagong Paraan 2008: Building Partnerships for Effective Local Governance


Name of Proponent Organization:

Contact Person/ Position: Mr. Roel R. Ravanera,
Dean, Xavier University College of Agriculture
Executive Director, Xavier Science Foundation
Contact Details: Address: 2/F Aggie building, Corrales St., Cagayan de Oro City
Phone/Fax No.: +63 88 858 3116 loc 3100
Affiliation(s) with any coalition or network: Association of Foundations
Council of Deans and Heads of Schools for Agricultural Education
Association of Colleges of Agriculture in the Philippines, Inc.
Asia Japan Partnership Network for Poverty Reduction

Name of Partner LGU:

Contact Person/ Position: Hon Oscar S. Moreno
Governor, Province of Misamis Oriental
Contact Details: Address: Capitol Compound, Velez St. Cagayan de Oro City
Phone/Fax No.: (08822) 72-9894

Name of Other Partner Organization/Institution:

Contact Person(s): Lealyn Ramos
Regional Director, Department of Agriculture-Region 10
Contact Details: Address: Luna Sts., Cagayan de Oro City
Phone/Fax No.: (088) 856-6871/856-2755



PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SITE: Province of Misamis Oriental, focus municipality to be determined

PROJECT DURATION: May 2008 to May 2009 (1 year)

Total Project Cost Funding Request Counterpart Contribution (XUCA) Counterpart Contribution (LGU/ Other Partners)
Direct Cost 1,000,000 900,000 50,000 50,000
Project Management Cost 250,000 100,000 150,000 -
Capital Outlay* 150,000 - - 150,000
TOTAL 1,400,000 1,000,000 200,000 200,000
*Note: Panibagong Paraan will not fund acquisition of land, construction of buildings, and purchase of equipment intended mainly for office set-up and management.


1) Area Context/ Situation Assessment

Northern Mindanao posted the highest economic growth among the Mindanao economies in 2006 but growth rates over the years have not translated into significant strides in reducing poverty, especially in rural areas (NSCB, 2007) . In Misamis Oriental, rural poverty incidence is recorded at 58% (PIDS, 2007) .

This uneven development can be attributed to a number of factors including that of a highly politicized agenda, processes and structures. This is particularly significant as local government units (LGUs) are mandated to deliver support services that are critical for agricultural development. The prevailing paucity of updated, relevant and adequate information at the local level, from which agricultural policy decisions can be soundly based, compounds the problem.

Strengthening the capability for spatial data collection, analysis and management at the municipal and barangay is necessary if LGUs are to formulate more relevant agricultural development plans. This will help ensure that critical decisions are based on scientific data and not on political exigencies.

2) Objectives (Development Results) of the Proposed Project

This project aims to strengthen the agricultural development planning process of the Provincial Government of Misamis Oriental utilizing geographic information system (GIS) technology. Specifically, this project aims to:
1. train LGU personnel in using GIS technology for local agriculture development planning
2. pilot an agricultural knowledge and information system in one municipality in the province; and
3. conduct a sample participatory GIS-aided agricultural development planning.

Aside from the Provincial Government and the Municipal Governments of Misamis Oriental, partners of this project include the various line agencies of the government, such as DA, DOST, DENR and DILG. Ultimately, the main beneficiary of this project is the constituents of the LGUs, through the implementation of their enhanced local agriculture development plans.

3) Summary of Project Concept

The project shall focus on strengthening the agricultural development planning process of the Provincial Government of Misamis Oriental to address the issue of scarcity of quality LAD plans and programs, an identified LAD constraint in Northern Mindanao.

To achieve this, XUCA’s technical assistance in agricultural planning will be two-pronged:

1. Capacity-building of LGU personnel in using GIS technology; and
2. Development of an agricultural knowledge and information system for a pilot municipality.

XUCA, which houses a state-of-the-art GIS laboratory and maintains a complementary pool of human resources trained in varied fields of agriculture, will train LGU personnel on the following areas: (1) introduction to GIS technology; (2) agricultural land use planning and inventory; (3) poverty and food mapping; (4) soil suitability assessment for potential/existing economically important crops; (5) water resource assessment; and (6) environmental management. Qualified government staffs (planning and development, agriculture and veterinary) are the target participants of these modular training sessions.

It will also assist a pilot municipality, identified by the Provincial Government, in developing an appropriate agricultural knowledge and information system using GIS technology. This system will be initially developed around the municipality’s most economically important commodities. Coordination with different government and non-government organizations is essential in developing and maintaining this system. Trained personnel from the municipality and provincial governments will be involved in the development, operation and regular maintenance of the information system.

Within six months, the LGU would be capacitated on the identified six key competence areas. At this time, the AKIS would have also been installed. By the end of the project year, the LGU’s capacities would have been used to generate various GIS maps and agriculture information for the development of provincial LAD plan.

The practical usefulness of the AKIS in crafting more relevant agricultural development plans will be assessed and documented.

4) Innovation

The main innovation of this project is the use of the GIS technology to develop “science-based” LAD plans. Whereas local plans have largely been politically motivated in the past, a more science-based approach, through the GIS, would enhance the LGUs’ decision-making, targeting, and identification of key strategies and interventions for agriculture development.

Related to this is the building of partnerships between LGUs and academic institutions for local agricultural development. This will enhance coordination of support services for small farmers and other stakeholders. Currently, there are very limited collaborations between LGUs and the private sector, say for instance, in R&D and in equipping farmers and fisherfolk with entrepreneurial and technical skills. Partnership between the LGU and the academe will also work to reverse the notion that knowledge generated is confined to research centers while farmers continue to rely on their own experiences.

5) Partnership-Building

XUCA will support the Provincial Government of Misamis Oriental to strengthen their agricultural development planning process.

XUCA will provide capacity-building support to the provincial and municipal governments while the LGUs make available the manpower, infrastructure and equipment for information collection, generation, analysis and development planning. Moreover, the establishment of an AKIS for a municipality in Misamis Oriental, is foreseen to be replicated by other municipalities.

Although the GIS expertise would come from XUCA, other areas in agriculture development, such as land use planning and soil suitability assessment could be enhanced through the participation of agencies such as DA, DILG, DENR and PCARRD. It is also expected that by drawing such agencies into the process of capacity-building and development planning, the establishment of more coordinated mechanisms can be facilitated.

6) Gender-Responsiveness

By using the GIS as the main technology for this project, information on the various gender roles within the agriculture economy could easily be determined. This project would determine the gender roles and dynamics through geo-spatial assessment and study of existing literature on agriculture and women in the province. Should gender disparities be established, the project would, address these gender issues within the agriculture development plans of the province and the selected municipalities.

7) Sustainability, Scalability and Replicability

The objective of this project is to strengthen agricultural development planning process of the local government. Through this process, it is also expected that the agricultural development plans generated would be internalized by all stakeholders. To make sure that process of planning is realistic and sustainable, a participatory approach would be adopted.

Overall, sustainability of project goals would be ensured through the direct involvement of the LGU, through its key planning personnel, and the enhancement of their capacities in key agricultural planning areas and making sure that the skills and expertise are in-house.

Moreover, with GIS and AKIS already in place, LGUs furnished with the necessary knowledge and technical skills will have the technology at their disposal to utilize and impart to other stakeholders and partners. The use of open source GIS software will also be promoted for wider dissemination and simulation of the system to other areas and/or municipalities.


Post a Comment

<< Home